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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 13-17

Optical coherence tomography findings in high myopia

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mahmoud Alaa Abouhussein
9, Emarat Hayat Eltadress, Smoha, Alexandria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2347-5617.135241

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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the incidence and features of macular abnormalities in high myopic eyes detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Patients and Methods: This was a prospective observational study that involved 100 eyes of 100 patients with high myopia complaining of recent diminution of vision. OCT examination was done through dilated pupils, OCT examination was done through a dilated pupil using commercially available Cirrus HD-OCT Model 4000 - Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, California, USA or Spectralis OCT Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany. Results: A total of 100 eyes of 100 patients were studied. There were 45 males and 55 females. The mean age of the patients was 52.9 ± 12.9 (range: 33-70) years. Mean spherical equivalent in these eyes was 14.5 ± 5.8 (range: 8.75-22.75) diopters. Epiretinal membrane was present in 65 eyes. Vitreomacular traction (anteroposterior traction) was detected in 10 eyes. Macular retinoschisis was present in 33 eyes. Conclusion: Macular changes detected by OCT are common pathological findings in high myopia.

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